This is a warning. Paul warns the Corinthians that those in their midst who are practicing the type of sins mentioned are not truly saved. I have chosen to call these evidences the 20 Holy Resul ts of being a Christian. These proofs consist of works, attitudes, and other behaviors that are evident in each true believer. A fundamental basis to our beliefs as Christians is that a true Christian is saved only by grace through faith.
When a person is saved, he is indwelt by the Holy Spirit Ro God then works in each Christian to produce good works Eph , Phil For all 20 of these Holy Results , it will be demonstrated that Scripture teaches that each has to be evident in the believer, although imperfectly. In 1 John , the Scripture states that Christians still have sin and if they say they do not have sin, then they are liars. But, when harmonizing this Scripture with the Bible, it is evident that the sin is only occasional. The natural objection that is to be raised is that we really do not know if someone is truly saved.
Salvation is a private matter between the person and his Creator. The Scripture clearly warns us that only God can reveal the counsel of the hearts 1 Cor Therefore, we do not know for sure who is or will become saved. The examples given above in 1 Cor and Galatians are just two of many Scriptures that teach that works will follow those who are true Christians. The context of 1 Cor is that Paul is giving a defense against the Corinthians judgmental nature of him.
There is nothing one can do to be saved. We are in a condition of inability to come to God on our own. How many times we hear the quoting of Ephesians without quoting the following verse which completes the entire thought of Ephesians Verse 10 teaches us the result of our being saved. That is, He works in us to mold us in order to perform good works Phil The Scripture is clear that once one is saved, there is a change and we are new creatures in Christ:. By now, many of you may have already perceived that what is being addressed in this book is essentially the doctrine of sanctification or holiness.
Holiness is important to God. Without holiness, it will be impossible to see God Heb The Greek and Hebrew words for sanctification are hagiasmos and qodesh respectively. The English words of saint, holy and holiness all contain root words that came from the Greek term and therefore these words all contain the meaning of being separated from that which is bad and being placed in union with that which is good. The Scriptures in the New Testament concerning sanctification are used in the sense that an individual has been separated from what is evil and devoted to God.
Therefore, sanctification, in short, is the separating from sin by cleaning and making the object useful for God. Bible teachers uniformly agree that the Bible teaches three types of sanctification that occur in each true Christian: positional sanctification, progressive sanctification, and prospective sanctification. The following are definitions of these three aspects of sanctification:. Positional Sanctification the relationship that a sinner enters into with God.
The believer is now a saint. The following are verses that clearly indicate that each believer is sanctified at the time of conversion:1 Peter ,15,, Ga, 2 Thess , Jude 1, Reb , Col , 2 Cor , Ps , , Col , 1 Cor , 12,30,, , Acts ,2 Cor , Jer , Rev , etc. Prospective Sanctification this is the ultimate state of the believer at the resurrection when we will be perfect in our character. This will be effected by God giving to each believer a spiritual body to replace the fleshly body.
The following are Scriptures that clearly testify to the fact that sanctification will be perfected at the resurrection:2 Cor , 1 Cor 15, Heb , Ro ,, Phil , 1 John , Eph , Is , , 1 Cor , Luke , Col , Mat , Rev , Mat , Jude , Phil , 1 Thess , , etc. It is important to briefly investigate antinomianism since this term is used several times throughout this work. The following technical definition is appropriate:. The above definition involves the important following thoughts. First, antinomianism is the denial of relevance of the moral law.
That is, a Christian is not obligated to keep the moral law of God. Because he has been saved by grace through the Holy Spirit, he no longer is bound to keep the law. Gerstner, Wrongly Dividing the Word of Truth. The antinomian will tend to not understand the clear Scriptural fact that works must prove faith. Christians are not saved by works as the Scripture is so clear, but the fact that each true believer has been indwelt by the Holy Spirit, they are enabled to perform the good works that befit repentance.
The great reformers held to the doctrine that faith and works cannot be separated i. The antinomian will not deny that the believer will do good works. However, he will teach that God is doing these actions. The Scripture teaches that it is the believer who is led by the Holy Spirit to do the good works. By holding to the dualistic view of the antinomians, individual believers are relieved of the necessity of doing good works. In summary, I offer the following simplified definition of antinomianism:. The Bible teaches that a true convert is a saint.
The addresses to the saints and those sanctified teach us that when one is converted, there is a new set apart relationship with God. Paul tells us who this new relationship was affected:. In this passage, God teaches us that we have put off the body of sins of the flesh. This does not mean that we no longer live in a body. Rather, it means that we are no longer under the power and influence of the body and its fleshly desires that lead us to sin.
This is symbolically explained by baptism. When we were baptized by the Holy Spirit into the body of Christ 1 Cor , we were symbolically crucified with Christ see Gal This means that we died. The body of sin was crucified with Christ. Therefore, we died to our old lifestyle and desires of the flesh and we were raised to a new lifestyle of being led by the Spirit see Rom , Gal to do good works see Eph To that Scripture, we must now tum.
Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound? Certainly not. How shall we who died to sin live any longer in it? Paul begins his discourse on sanctification with a question. This question refers back to the discussion in Romans concerning the fact that when the law entered, sin increased. Therefore, the question is natural. Paul gives an emphatic no to this antinomian way of thinking. Paul tells us that we have died to the sin lifestyle. How can we keep on living in it?
The Scripture tells us that sin no longer has dominion over us. We are no longer slaves to it. We have been healed by the stripes of Christ so that we died to sin and are made alive to righteousness 1 Pet At this point, we must draw back and look at the scene in present day Christendom. Are we not guilty of this in Christendom today? But the Bible says that true Christians have died to this behavior. They can no longer live in it. Paul continues with an example of the glorious fact that we have been raised to walk in newness of life:.
Therefore, we were buried with Him through baptism into death just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. The same metaphor used in Col is repeated here by Paul. He tells us that since we were baptized into Christ Jesus see 1 Cor , we have identified with His death. In other words we have died with Him in a sense. Our old nature of uncontrolled sin and rebellion was killed. Also, because Christ has been raised from the dead, our raising out of the metaphorical baptismal waters has brought us into a new lifestyle.
In this Scripture, we can see the negative and positive side of positional sanctification. For he who has died has been freed from sin. Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him, knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion over Him.
Paul now goes into more explanation of the metaphor of the believer dying with Christ. He explains that when we were saved, our old self was crucified with Christ. Our old self consists of our depraved state of slavery to sin see Romans The body of sin referred to in verse 6 is the former lifestyle of slavery to the sin nature. Indeed our acts of righteousness were as filthy rags Is We inherited the Adamic sin nature Romans and were unable to come to God John Because we were converted, we have died to the old nature see Col , Eph and are free from bondage to the sin lifestyle.
Since Christ was resurrected, we are reborn into newness of life. Galatians tells us that we have been crucified with Christ, and now it is no longer we who live, but Christ who lives in us. When we were saved, God himself came to dwell in us so that we can be His workmanship Eph This does not mean that we cease from sin entirely I John , 10, Romans , etc.
Verse 9 tells us that death no longer has dominion over Christ.
The same is true of Christians. Sin no longer has dominion over us Therefore, do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts. Romans Verse 11 ties the thought of death no longer having dominion over Christ to our situation of the sin lifestyle no longer having dominion over us. Verse 11 tells us to understand i. This is a beautiful summary of positional sanctification. Verses 12 and 13 turn in direction to address progressive sanctification. Some have confused the thoughts in verses 12 and 13 to give credence to the notion that it is possible for a true Christian to have sin reigning uncontrollably in their members.
If this were true, an abundance of Scripture would be contradicted. This is the subject of Chapters Scripture is abundantly clear that works must follow a true believer. Rather what verses 12 and 13 are referring to is that we, as Christians, must continually strive to grow in our Christian walk. At our conversion, we were changed and sin can no longer rule us. If sin does become our lifestyle, we simply prove that we were never truly converted but we were the false professors that our Lord referred to Mat Verse 12 tells us that we should not let sin go unchecked in our lives.
We still have temptations and we can still yield to sin. But we must prevent sin in any possible way we can. There is a lot of tension in this verse. On the one hand, God has freed us from sin, dwells in us and the Spirit bears witness with our spirit. But on the other hand, we can still sin.
We must prevent sin at all times. For sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace. Verse 13 tells us to present ourselves to God as members of righteousness and do not present ourselves as instruments of sin. The Greek meaning in this passage is that we are to present ourselves one time to God as alive from the dead and we are not to continually present ourselves as instruments of sin. Why is this? Because verse 14 tells us that sin shall not have dominion over us because we are under grace.
God dwells in us. Even if we true Christians were to present ourselves as instruments of sin, it would not succeed because sin does not have dominion over us. The indwelling God has dominion over us. If we were to present ourselves to sin, we would come under the convicting influencing of the Holy Spirit within us Rom , 1 Cor , etc. This thought becomes clear in the final passage of Romans Shall we sin because we are not under the law but under grace?
But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered. And having been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness. I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness and of lawlessness, leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as s lave s of righteousness for holiness. For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regards to righteousnes s.
What fruit did you have then in the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death. But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life. For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Jesus Christ our Lord.
Jesus told us that whoever commits sin i. If we were to attempt to commit on-going repetitive sin, we could not succeed. We are a slave to righteousness as Romans tells us. Verse 15 raises this question of committing sin since we are no longer under the law but under grace. In other words, we would prove ourselves to be truly unsaved if we were able to be slaves of sin. Verses state that we were past tense slaves of sin when we were unsaved, but now we are slaves of righteousness.
In verse 19, Paul again switches back to the thought of verse 12 of progressive sanctification. Verse 19 tells us that it is possible for the true Christian to attempt to present himself a slave of sin, but as we have already seen, it is impossible for us to succeed verse Appendix A The Doctrine of Sanctification 16, if we are truly saved. The Scripture tells us that the fruit of practicing sin is death. Those are the wages we can expect verse God has called us to be holy. As Christians, we are commanded to work on presenting ourselves as instruments of righteousness. Before proceeding to Romans 8, it is necessary to make mention of Romans 7.
Romans concerns a passage from the Mosaic law concerning marriage and divorce. But, if he dies, she is free to remarry. This is a metaphor for our release from the Mosaic law and remarriage to the newness of the covenant of grace. Verse 4 says that we are dead to the law through the body of Christ so that we may be married to Christ.
The import of the passage is that while we were under the law i. But in our new marriage to Christ, we have died to sin and the law which results in our serving in the newness of life in the Spirit and not the law. Romans examines the purpose of the Mosaic law. The law was not sinful. Romans is a hotly debated passage. Paul speaks of himself as carnal, sold under sin. He says that the things he wishes to do, he cannot do, but the sin he does not want to do, that he does.
This passage has been used by many to justify sin in their lives. This in unfortunate. The passage merely asserts that Paul was aware that he still had the sin nature in him and he was not perfect yet. It does not mean that Paul was a repetitive, open sinner which would disqualify him for the kingdom of God see 1 Cor , Gal It would also tend to contradict the whole theme of Romans , which is our sanctification and that we are slaves to righteousness. This passage will be carefully examined in Chapter 5 addressing Holy Result 5 concerning the fact that a true Christian will be sensitive to sin.
For the law of the Spirit of life in Chri s t Jesus ha s made me free from the law of sin and death. For w hat the law could not do in that it was weak through the fle s h, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin. Chapter 8 begins by an assurance that those who are in Christ Jesus, i. The Mosaic Law brought in condemnation and consigned all under sin since when the law came in, sin abounded all the more Ro , However, those who have been saved are no longer under this condemnation.
Verse 1 reveals a characteristic of the saved which forms a central teaching in the early part of this chapter. The characteristic of true Christians is that they do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. In this phrase, Romans is linked with the thought of chapter 8. While Paul recognized his sin in the flesh in , in chapter 8 he begins by developing the theme that true Christians will walk according to the Spirit.
By so doing they will be more sensitive to their sin and they will grow from glory to glory 2 Cor The thought of freedom accords with the words of Christ in John where He said that His true disciples will know the truth and the truth will set us free. We know the truth because he has sent the Holy Spirit into our hearts John , John so that we will be enlightened and led by the Spirit Gal And God sent His Son to die to fulfill the righteous requirement of the law.
The Holy Spirit has been sent so that the righteous requirement of the law verse 4 may be fulfilled in us. In other words, we as Christians will be enabled to grow into doing what is right. Verse 5 teaches us that the battle is in our minds. If we are walking according to the flesh, our minds will be preoccupied with the things of the flesh.
However, if we are walking in the Spirit, our minds are preoccupied with Spiritual things.
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It must be emphasized that those who set their minds on the flesh are not saved and those who set their minds on the Spirit are saved see verse 1. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God, for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be. So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His. Verse 6 clearly states that those who are carnally i. Death here must clearly be understood as the eternal state of the individual who is not saved. This state is eternal separation from God. However, the individual who is saved and therefore has his mind on the Spirit is assured the fruits of his salvation, life and peace. By life, it is understood eternal life. The carnal mind is enmity against God. Man is in sin due to the fall of Adam Ro and no one does good Ro Therefore, the one who is not saved and is controlled by the flesh is against God.
They are not fulfilling the righteous requirement of the law verse 4 and they cannot please God verse 8. Verse 9 is very explicit. Only those who are truly saved have the Holy Spirit indwelling them. If they do, then their minds will be on the things of the Spirit. But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will al s o give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you. Therefore, brethren, we are debtors-not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh.
For if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit, you put to death the deeds of the body you will live. Verse 10 reveals to us that if Christ is truly in an individual, then the body is figuratively dead and the Spirit is alive. By this metaphor, it is clearly understood that the fleshly carnal desires are no longer in control, but rather the Spirit of God that dwells in the believer is in control.
It must be recognized, however, that the flesh nature is still present. Paul and all true believers battle with the flesh nature. But all true Christians will overcome the flesh and proceed on from glory to glory since He that is in us is greater than he who is in the world 1 John Because of the important fact of the Spirit dwelling in us, we are controlled by the Spirit. We must, as verse 12 tells us, make all the more sure that we live as debtors not to the flesh.
We can still sin. We are taught by the Holy Spirit to do righteous deeds. We must not fight against the Spirit with our flesh but rather be filled with the Holy Spirit Eph For if we live according to the flesh we will die and prove that we were never saved to begin with. But, as verse 13 teaches us, if by putting to death the sin that is in us, we will live and prove ourselves that we truly had the Holy Spirit in us.
The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him, that we may also be glorified together. These verses form a type of summary to what preceded. We find in verse 14 that the true Sons of God are led by the Holy Spirit. That is, the mind is set upon spiritual things and not on the flesh. Therefore, the Holy Spirit is able to lead us into righteousness. We have been adopted into the Family of God and made adopted sons. The Holy Spirit is our guarantee of this relationship 2 Cor The Holy Spirit bears witness with our spirit.
That is, the Spirit works with our spirit see and is known by our spirit and therefore we know that we are children of God 1 John All true Christians will have the inner witness of the Holy Spirit because of the close relationship with God. We will be intimate with God. Verse 17, forms an important buffer lest we get too elated. For in the current state that we are in i. We are to follow His example of a suffering servant just as He showed us Phil , Rom Pet , We have not yet suffered to the point of shedding blood in contending with our sin Heb We will have this battle until the day we die.
But, the good news is that we are being changed from glory to glory 2 Cor , we are putting to death the deeds of the body Rom , and we will be glorified with Christ All true Christians have been given the Holy Spirit and therefore have the mind of Christ. Previously, their minds were at enmity with God and impure see 1 Tim , 2 Tim , Col , 2 Cor God has put His law into our minds by the Holy Spirit. Through the Bible, we can learn more and more spiritual truth in order to make us more like His son Jesus. But we have the mind of Christ.
I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God and they shall be My people. Let him show by good conduct that his works are done in the meekness of wisdom. For if these things are yours and abound, you will be neither barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not his. And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. The following verses attest to the fact that it is God who is at work in us.
It is not sufficient that God dwells in us, but God must also be at work in us to lead us into all righteousness John , Ps 23 :. Rom For we also are weak in Him, but we shall live with Him by the power of God toward you. Therefore, when your eye is good, your whole body is also full of light. But when your eye is bad, your body is also full of darkness.
He shall bring forth your righteousness as the light, and your justice as the noonday. Though he fall, he shall not be cast down. For everyone who partakes only of milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness, for he is a babe. But solid food belongs to all who are of full age, that is, those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil. The words that I speak to you are spirit, and they are life. And you shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free.
He shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that brings forth its fruit in its season, whose leaf also shall not whither; and whatever he does shall prosper. For then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have good success. Although the intent of this essay is to examine ourselves to see if we are in the faith 2 Cor , it is necessary to examine the question of whether Christians should judge one another. Yet I certainly did not mean with the sexually immoral people of this world, or the covetous, or the extortioners, or idolaters, since then you would need to go out of the world.
For what have I to do with judging those who are outside? Do you not judge those who are inside? But those who are outside God judges. Therefore, put away from yourselves the evil person. Unfortunately, the opposite of what these verses teach often happen. That is, instead of judging those who are inside the church, Christians often judge those outside.
To those inside the church, we overlook their sin in the name of unity and peace. However, with those outside the church, we design sermons against them to tell everyone in the church how wicked the world is. This should be just the opposite. The Scripture clearly commands us to exhort and warn one another Heb , 1 Thess and that those who preach the word should rebuke and exhort Christians 2 Tim , etc.
In Phil , Paul prayed that the Philippians would abound in judgment in approving the things that are excellent. In Heb , the Scripture teaches us that those who are well seasoned in Scriptural truth should have their senses exercised to judge between good and evil. What good does it do to preach railing sermons against the world?
There, but by the grace of God, we go. Because God in His sovereign will has chosen us to eternal life, given us the Holy Spirit to bear witness with our spirit, and given us Jesus Christ who lives in us Gal , how is it that we should judge the world who does not have the Holy Spirit or the indwelling Christ? God has saved us through no work that we have done Gal We were given a free gift. There is nothing special about us except God has chosen us in his sovereign will Rom and has given us the Holy Spirit to indwell us Romans Besides one another, we should judge ourselves:. You who preach that a man should not steal , do you steal?
You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? You who make your boa s t in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law? Paul used this passage to tell those who thought they were self-righteous that they needed repentance themselves. This passage is pertinent for the church today. The church today generally does not utilize church discipline and self-judgment, which is contrary to the above Scriptures. Instead of preaching against the unsaved world which is not led by the Holy Spirit , why do we not preach to ourselves? We are commanded in 1 Corinthians 6 to judge matters between brothers:.
And if the world will be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
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Do you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to this life? If then you have judgments concerning things pertaining to this life, do you appoint hose who are least esteemed by the church to judge? I say this to your shame. Is it so, that there is not a wise man among you, not even one, who will be able to judge between his brethren?
These verses note that Christians were going to outside courts to resolve their disputes rather than appointing those in the church to judge such issues. We should be wise in regards to spiritual things in order to be able to judge such matters. In many places, the Scripture tells us to correct each other and exhort one another.
How can we exhort and correct one another if we do not judge the right from the wrong. The following Scripture tells us that we are to judge the right from wrong:. But he who is spiritual judges all things, yet he himself is rightly judged by no one. As Christians who have the Holy Spirit, we are able to discern right from wrong.
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For with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and the measure you use, it will be measured back to you. However, this Scripture does not teach that we are not to judge at all. If it did, then there would be a contradiction with other Bible verses namely, 1 Cor , 1 Cor , Also, the verses in Matthew refer to unjust judgment. The person doing the judgment is actually a hypocrite verse 5 and has great sin in his own life i.
He is commanded to go first and take the plank out of his own eye and then he will be able to judge his brother. Galatians tells us that those who are spiritual should go to restore the brother from his sin. For those who judge, they better make sure that they have judged themselves first 1 Cor and confessed their own sins 1 John The Scripture in Matthew is talking of just judgment and not asserting that we are never to judge our brother. It is not a judgment that simply wants to impugn the character of their brother or speak evil of his brother.
Another verse used by some to say that we should not judge one another is as follows:. In fact, I do not even judge myself. For I know of nothing against myself, yet I am not justified by this; but He who judges me is the Lord. Therefore, judge nothing before the time, until the Lord comes, who will bring to light the hidden things of darkness and reveal the counsels of the hearts. Paul, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, says that the Lord brings to light the hidden things of darkness and reveals the counsels of the hearts.
We, as Christians, should not speculate on the motives of a person and try to guess why he has done a certain thing. In this manner, we are most emphatically not to judge. We can only observe the outward behaviors of a man, and exhort when these behaviors are evident. We are not to judge, because it is the Lord that put men into the apostleship. Paul, in verse 4, says he knows nothing against himself and therefore does not judge himself.
Therefore, the importance of this passage is not that we should not judge ourselves or other Christians, but rather that we should not speculate on the motives of others, but only on their visible behaviors. Additionally, we cannot even judge ourselves if we know of nothing against ourselves by having a clear conscience. One final Scripture used to say that we are not to judge is the following:. He who speaks evil of a brother and judges his brother, speaks evil of the law.
But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law, but a judge. Although his purpose is to strengthen his exhortation rather than to establish doctrine, Paul here presents one of the greatest statements in the NT concerning the Person and work of Jesus Christ. Did not think of equality with God as something to cling. He willingly became a human being on our behalf, relinquishing His glory though retaining His deity. He veiled the manifestations of deity and assumed real humanity. Human being His humanity was genuine, yet His being was still divine.
Shine Brightly for Christ 12 Dear friends, you always followed my instructions when I was with you. And now that I am away, it is even more important. Work hard to show the results of your salvation, obeying God with deep reverence and fear. Live clean, innocent lives as children of God, shining like bright lights in a world full of crooked and perverse people. And I want all of you to share that joy. Then he can cheer me up by telling me how you are getting along. See WW at Luke See WW at 1Jn Like a son with his father, he has served with me in preaching the Good News.
He is a true brother, co- worker, and fellow soldier. And he was your messenger to help me in my need. But God had mercy on him and also on me, so that I would not have one sorrow after another. I never get tired of telling you these things, and I do it to safeguard your faith. We rely on what Christ Jesus has done for us. We put no confidence in human effort, 4 though I could have confidence in my own effort if John 24 Rom Gal Col Paul does not teach that salvation is dependent on ones continued works, but that salvation must express itself in progressive Christian living and upright character, not only individually, but through obedient participation in Gods corporate call to a local church.
Paul addresses this matter because our will is by nature in bondage to the flesh. His purpose in going to Philippi is both to encourage the Christians there and to bring back to Paul news of their welfare. His expectation was fulfilled soon after he wrote this letter. In effect, he has gambled with his life, displaying reckless courage. The word mutilators in v. The legalists on whom Paul turns the table by using a deriding term some Jews used of Gentiles, dogs taught the necessity of circumcision, but in reality a physical ritual without rightness of heart is nothing more than worthless mutilation of the flesh.
Worship by the Spirit not only refers to ones being alive in the spirit John and thereby qualified for living worship, but also includes the Holy Spirits enablement in expanded worship expressions: in song Eph , 19 , in prayer and singing 1 Cor , and in communion with God 1 Cor , 2. Paul emphasizes the worship of those who have identified with Christ having their heart circumcised, paring away carnal reserve in worship as well as removing all dependence on the works of the flesh for their salvation is to be in or by the Spirit of God.
The Holy Spirit is to be invited into and involved in our worshipenlarging, equipping, and expanding us in praisefilled, Christ-exalting, God-honoring ways that bring the spiritual impetus required for true worship. This passage sums up Pauls primary pursuit in life: to know Christ.
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From a prison cell in Rome, Paul pens this personal letter in which he comes to terms with an accomplished past and a confining present. After his past as a persecutor of Gods people and through his superior religious activities as a Pharisee, Paul came to the liberating conclusion that all is garbage compared to knowing the Lord!
Freed from the stagnation of yesterdays victories and the emotional paralysis of yesterdays mistakes, Paul knew that the only thing that ultimately counted was knowing the Lord and being obedient to His will. Not only was his past subsumed by this singular passion, his present imprisonment could not snatch from him the joy of knowing Christ.
Prison chains could not keep him from pursuing God, nor dull his effectiveness in ministry Pauls desire to know Christ sprang from no other motive but to enjoy Him. He wanted Christ for Christs sake, not his own. He was a lover of God, not a user of God. And whether he moved in Christs resurrection power or was stretched to his last ounce of endurance, it mattered little. For Paul, it was all a part of the most fulfilling journey of all: truly knowing God. Indeed, if others have reason for confidence in their own efforts, I have even more!
I am a pure- blooded citizen of Israel and a member of the tribe of Benjamin a real Hebrew if there ever was one! I was a member of the Pharisees, who demand the strictest obedience to the Jewish law. And as for righteousness, I obeyed the law without fault. For his sake I have discarded everything else, counting it all as garbage, so that I could gain Christ 9 and become one with him. I no longer count on my own righteousness through obeying the law; rather, I become righteous through faith in Christ.
I want to suffer with him, sharing in his death, 11 so that one way or another I will experience the resurrection from the dead! Pressing toward the Goal 12 I dont mean to say that I have already achieved these things or that I have already reached perfection. But I press on to possess that perfection for which Christ Jesus first possessed me. Furthermore, he was a pure-blooded citizen of Israel, directly descended from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
His tribe was the elite of Israel, and he was a real Hebrew in that his family retained Hebrew customs and spoke the Hebrew language. He laid aside all human achievements in order to receive the free grace of God. In contrast to the life Paul now has, his former manner of life is garbage, scraps fit only to be thrown to the dogs.
Let all who are spiritually mature agree on these things. If you disagree on some point, I believe God will make it plain to you. Their god is their appetite, they brag about shameful things, and they think only about this life here on earth. And we are eagerly waiting for him to return as our Savior. I love you and long to see you, dear friends, for you are my joy and the crown I receive for my work. Please, because you belong to the Lord, settle your disagreement.
They worked along with Clement and the rest of my co- workers, whose names are written in the Book of Life. Remember, the Lord is coming soon. Tell God what you need, and thank him for all he has done. See WW at Jude See WW at 1 Cor See WW at 1Tim See WW at 2Pet No two people contradicted the meaning of their names as much as Euodia and Syntyche.
But, despite their names, these two caused dissension in the church at Philippi. Paul called on them to settle their differences and asked the whole church to help them. He was direct with Euodia and Syntyche, asking them to be of the same mind in the Lord. Differences in personality should not separate us from unity in Christ. Our task is not to make others into replicas of us. We must honor the uniqueness of each person. Unity in Christ also means setting aside secondary issues like denominational differences or cultural patterns. Agreement on basics is what is important.
Most important of all is mutual forgiveness. Paul suggested, Let everyone see that you are considerate in all you do v. Finally, we need to get together with the fellow believer with whom we are having a battle of wills and ask Christ to permeate our conversations. We need to ask for the mind and disposition of Christ. What would He say to both sides? He is at hand; He died to make us one and will settle for nothing less. His peace will guard your hearts and minds as you live in Christ Jesus.
Fix your thoughts on what is true, and honorable, and right, and pure, and lovely, and admirable. Think about things that are excellent and worthy of praise. Then the God of peace will be with you. Although various suggestions have been made concerning the identity of the true partner, including the theory that the Greek word here is a proper name, Syzygus, it remains unknown. Book of Life: A reference from Judaism see Exod , 33; Ps , metaphorically used to note believers lives are known by God in heaven see Luke Therefore, Christians can be inwardly joyful when everything around is dreary see ; Hab , 18; 2 Cor One who entrusts cares to Christ instead of fretting over them will experience the peace of God to guard him from nagging anxiety.
Our actions are affected by the things we dwell on in our thoughts. Paul cautions his readers to concentrate on things that will result in right living and in Gods peace v. A combination of eu, well, and pheme, a saying. Euphemos is speech that is gracious, auspicious, praiseworthy, and fair-sounding. It includes the avoidance of words of ill omen. An OT counterpart is found in Proverbs Kind words are like honeysweet to the soul and healthy for the body. I know you have always been concerned for me, but you didnt have the chance to help me.
I have learned the secret of living in every situation, whether it is with a full stomach or empty, with plenty or little. No other church did this. Rather, I want you to receive a reward for your kindness. I am generously supplied with the gifts you sent me with Epaphroditus. They are a sweet- smelling sacrifice that is acceptable and pleasing to God. The brothers who are with me send you their greetings. Let this scripture be a guiding light to understanding Gods will on the subject of prosperity. It tells us yes we can have riches , and no do not trust in them. With the mind of Christ see Phil , we will never become high-minded if blessed with wealth.
Here is assurance that if our lives are geared to the Word of God, then, through Christ, we can experience either financial wealth or temporary setback, but we will still be steadfast in our living, all because our trust will be only in Him. If the economy should dissolve tomorrow, Gods people would not be rendered inoperative, because God is our source.
He can keep us through times of scarcity as well as in times of plenty. He fed Elijah by sending ravens to bring him food in the morning and evening 1 Kgs God can do that now. He is the same today as He was then. It was a common male Jewish name. Rather, he acknowledges that the Philippians maintained a concern for him all along, but they lacked the opportunity to send help.
That chance had been provided by Epaphroditus. Content: The Stoics used this word to describe a person who was self-sufficient in all circumstances. In contrast, though he uses the Stoic word, Paul expressly disclaims mere self-sufficiency see 2 Cor ; His sufficiency is in Christ, whose peace and purpose he enjoys regardless of lifes circumstances. Such faith is a stimulant to believe for all Christs sufficiency in facing all lifes circumstances.
Diligently seek unity with other believers in your thoughts, attitudes, love, spirit, and purpose. Be concerned about the things that are important to others. Follow Jesus example of humility. Be willing to lay down your rights and reputation for the sake of the Good News. Humble yourself, and serve others as a servant of Christ. Express Gods gracious work of salvation in you through your obedience to Him. Recognize that God gives you the desire and ability to do what pleases Him.
Be willing to lay down selsh desires. Learn to control your thought life. Practice focusing your thoughts on things that are pure, lovely, virtuous, and praiseworthy. Consider everything loss compared to knowing Jesus. Being in Christ through faith enables you to know Him in His resurrection power and to suffer with him, sharing in his death. Forget the past, and reach for those things still ahead. Earnestly pursue the goal of the heavenly call of God in Christ. Seek to know Him. Recognize that wholehearted, focused pursuit of Jesus is a mark of mature Christianity and devotion.
Jesus is our mentor and our model. He chose to empty Himself, laying down His reputation and rights. In taking the form of a man, He did not choose wealth and power, but came as a servant, dying a criminals death. In everything, Jesus humbled Himself; therefore, God highly exalted Him. The call to godliness is a call to discipleship. As Jesus disciples, we have the opportunity to lay down our rights and reputations and to give our lives in service to others for the sake of the Good News and the glory of God.
Seek to be a man or woman after Gods own heart, devoting yourself to the pursuit of intimacy with God. Ask the Holy Spirit to birth in you a deep hunger and longing for more of Jesus. Scott, A. Both of these letters appear in the "Code of Justinian," as well as the following law:. XVII, p. Under date of March 25, , Justinian, writing to Epiphanius, Patriarch of Constantinople, stating that he had written the above letter to the pope, "repeats his decision, that all affairs touching the Church shall be referred to the Pope, 'Head of all bishops, and the true and effective corrector of heretics.
John," George Croly, A. London: ; cited in " Source Book ," pp. Novelloe, cxxxi remained the cornerstone of his [Justinian's] policy in relation to the West. VI, art. Having now seen that the years of papal supremacy began in A. Adding the years to brings us to the year And if we have given the right application to this prophecy, history must record an event in that would appear like a death stroke to the Papacy. Turning to history we find just such an event recorded:. The official Swedish newspaper, Stockholms Posttidning, for March 29, , has the following news item:. His government in the Papal States was abolished, and five days later, guarded by one hundred French soldiers, he was taken away from his palace and his capital He must have felt very sad as he left Rome to go into captivity.
When he departed his tear-filled eyes were turned heavenward. Elliott, A. The aged Pope himself, now left mere nominal master of some few remaining shreds of the Patrimony of Peter, experienced soon after in person the bitterness of the prevailing anti-papal spirit Then, in the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican, the ante-hall to which has a fresco painted by Papal order commemorative of the Protestant massacre on St. Bartholomew's day, might not the scene have served as a memento of God's retributive justice?
III, pp. Arthur R. Pennington, M. On a sudden, the shouts of an angry multitude penetrated to the conclave, intermingled with the strokes of axes and hammers on the doors. Very soon a band of soldiers burst into the hall, who tore away from his finger his pontifical ring, and hurried him off, a prisoner, through a hall, the walls of which were adorned with a fresco, representing the armed satellites of the Papacy, on St. Bartholomew's day, as bathing their swords in the blood of unoffending women and helpless children. Thus it might seem as if he were to be reminded that the same God who visits the iniquities of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation, had made him the victim of His retributive justice for a deed of atrocity which had been long crying aloud to Him for vengeance.
Joseph Rickaby, an English Jesuit, writes:. The peace was soon broken; Berthier entered Rome on the 10th February, , and proclaimed a republic. The aged Pontiff refused to violate his oath by recognizing it, and was hurried from prison to prison in France No wonder that half Europe thought Napoleon's veto would be obeyed, and that with the Pope the Papacy was dead. London: Catholic Truth Society. George Trevor, Canon of York, writes of this eventful year:. The aged pope was summoned to surrender the temporal government; on his refusal, he was dragged from the altar His rings were torn from his fingers, and finally, after declaring the temporal power abolished, the victors carried the pope prisoner into Tuscany, whence he never returned The territorial possessions of the clergy and monks were declared national property, and their former owners cast into prison.
The Papacy was extinct: not a vestige of its existence remained; and among all the Roman Catholic powers not a finger was stirred in its defence. The Eternal City had no longer prince or pontiff; its bishop was a dying captive in foreign lands; and the decree was already announced that no successor would be allowed in his place.
An English secular writer, John Adolphus, says of God's prophetic clock had set the year as the end of the papal supremacy, and when that hour struck, the mighty ruler on the Tiber, before whose anathemas the kings and emperors of Europe had so long trembled, went "into captivity" Revelation , and his government in the Papal States was abolished.
Thus the historical events fit exactly into the mold of prophecy, and establish the fact that "we have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn. But prophecy foretells that this "deadly wound" would be healed, and that the world once more, for a brief moment, would follow the papal power.
Revelation In the following chapter we shall consider the other specifications of this remarkable prophecy. Other Marks of Identity. In this encyclical the pope has capitalized all pronouns referring to himself and to God. In a large, authentic work by F. VI, p. Washington, D. The Catholic Encyclopedia says of the pope:. Union of minds, therefore, requires, together with a perfect accord in the one faith, complete submission and obedience of will to the Church and to the Roman Pontiff, as to God Himself.
We leave it with the reader to decide whether or not these are "great words. Alphonsus de Liguori, a sainted doctor of the Roman church, claims the same power for the Roman priests. And God himself is obliged to abide by the judgment of his priests The Sovereign Master of the universe only follows the servant by confirming in heaven all that the latter decides upon earth.
These must truly be called "great words"! The little horn was also to "wear out the saints of the Most High. That is, it was to persecute them till they were literally worn out. Has the Papacy fulfilled this part of the prophecy? In order to do Roman Catholics no injustice, we shall quote from unquestioned authorities among them. And, since they persecute people for "heresy," we must first let them define what they mean by "heresy. This we find stated in the Catholic Encyclopedia in the following words;. Nor could any doubt remain as to what civil regulations were meant, for the passages which ordered the burning of impenitent heretics were inserted in the papal decretals from the imperial constitutions 'Commissis nobis' and 'Inconsutibilem tunicam.
The civil authorities, therefore, were enjoined by the popes, under pain of excommunication to execute the legal sentences that condemned impenitent heretics to the stake. It is to be noted that excommunication itself was no trifle, for, if the person excommunicated did not free himself from excommunication within a year, he was held by the legislation of that period to be a heretic, and incurred all the penalties that affected heresy.
VIII, p. Challender, pp. Lea, Vol. This Encyclopedia was printed in , and bears the sanction of the Catholic authorities, and of their "censor," so that here is up-to-date authority showing that the Roman church sanctions persecution. The Roman church here acknowledges, that, when she was in power, she forced the civil government to burn those whom she termed heretics, and the government officials who failed to execute her laws, became heretics by that neglect, and suffered the punishment of heretics.
She has, and she loudly proclaims that she has, a 'horror of blood. She creates tribunals like those of the Inquisition, she calls the laws of the State to her aid, if necessary she encourages a crusade, or a religious war and all her 'horror of blood' practically culminates into urging the secular power to shed it, which proceeding is almost more odious - for it is less frank - than shedding it herself.
Especially did she act thus in the sixteenth century with regard to Protestants. Not content to reform morally, to preach by example, to convert people by eloquent and holy missionaries, she lit in Italy, in the Low Countries, and above all in Spain the funerals piles of the Inquisition. In France under Francis I and Henry II, in England under Mary Tudor, she tortured the heretics, whilst both in France and Germany during the second half of the sixteenth and the first half of the seventeenth century if she did not actually begin, at any rate she encouraged and actively aided, the religious wars.
No one will deny that we have here a great scandal to our contemporaries They ask permission from the Church to ignore or even deny all those acts and institutions in the past which have made orthodoxy compulsory. This book bears the sanction of the Roman Catholic authorities, and of their "censor. Andrew Steinmetz says:. Lea says:. New York: Harper and Brothers, Pope Gregory IX made the following decree for the destruction of all heretics, which is binding on civil rulers:. And if a temporal prince, being required and admonished by the Church, shall neglect to purge his kingdom from this heretical pravity, the metropolitan and other provincial bishops shall bind him in fetters of excommunication; and if he obstinately refuse to make satisfaction this shall be notified within a year to the Supreme Pontiff, that then he may declare his subjects absolved from their allegiance, and leave their lands to be occupied by Catholics, who, the heretics being exterminated, may possess them unchallenged, and preserve them in the purity of the faith.
That this principle is sanctioned by modern Catholic priests, we can see from the following statement:. Only a tyro in church history will deny that Protestants were persecuted in France and Spain with the full approval of the church authorities. We have always defended the persecution of the Huguenots, and the Spanish Inquisition.
Louis, Mo. We have now seen from the "decretals" of popes, from sainted doctors of the Roman church, and from authentic Catholic books, that they sanction and defend persecution, and history amply bears out the fact. Dowling says:. Lecky says:. The memorials, indeed, of many of her persecutions are now so scanty, that it is impossible to form a complete conception of the multitude of her victims, and it is quite certain that no power of imagination can adequately realize their sufferings.
London: Longmans, Green, and Co. A proclamation of the king, ten days later, confirmed this decree of the Inquisition, and ordered it to be carried into instant execution This is probably the most concise death warrant that was ever framed. Three millions of people, men, women, and children, were sentenced to the scaffold in three lines. Many Roman Catholic authors today have tried to prove that their church does not sanction persecution, but facts of history are too plain to be denied.
Eternity alone will reveal what God's dear children suffered during the Dark Ages. Accordingly as the Papacy attained to power, the common people became more oppressed, until "the noon of the Papacy was the midnight of the world. But Daniel has still another prediction concerning the "little horn"; namely, that it should "think to change times and laws," or as the Revised Version has it: "times and the law. This could not refer to the ceremonial laws of the Jews, which were abolished at the cross Ephesians ; Hebrews , 10 , but to the Ten Commandments, which are binding in the Christian era, to which dispensation this prophecy applies.
Matthew ; ; Luke ; Romans ; , 12, 14; James , From the prophecy of Daniel it is therefore evident that the Papacy would attempt to make some changes in the moral law. Thus the Catholic Church has two commandments against coveting, while Paul six times speaks of it as only one "commandment. Then, too, the Lord has purposely reversed the order of the supposed ninth and tenth commandments in Deuteronomy to what they are in Exodus , have it as part of their tenth commandment, and their ninth command is: "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house.
The Papacy was also to change times. But the only commandment of the ten that has to do with time is the fourth, which commands us to keep holy the seventh day, on which God rested at creation. Exodus , 11; Genesis It is a remarkable fact that Christ, His apostles, and their followers kept the seventh day in common with the Jews Mark , 3; Luke , 31; ; Acts , 44; , 13; ; , and that the New Testament is entirely silent in regard to any change of the Sabbath from the seventh to the first day of the week. This would be natural enough if the original Sabbath, which they were then keeping, should continue.
But if a new day was to take place in the Christian church, its Founder would certainly have given explicit directions for its observance. Yet not a word was spoken by Christ or His apostles, either before or after His resurrection, as to such a change. It is another remarkable fact that Sunday is never called by any sacred title in the New Testament, but always referred to as a weekday, never as a holy day.
It is classed as one of the weekdays, being called "the first day of the week. Who made this change, when it is not recorded in the Bible? When, how, and why was it made? Who dared to lay hands on Jehovah's law, and change His Holy Sabbath, without any warrant of Scripture? All Protestant denominations disclaim any part in this crime.
But the Roman Catholic Church boasts of having made this change, and even points to it as an evidence of its authority to act in Christ's stead upon earth. We shall therefore ask her two pointed questions: 1. When did you change the Sabbath? Why did you do it? Here are her answers:. The Catholic Church for over one thousand years before the existence of a Protestant, by virtue of her Divine mission changed the day from Saturday to Sunday.
Baltimore, Md. Peter Geiermann, C. This work received the "apostolic blessing" of Pope Pius X, Jan. We shall enter into this subject more thoroughly in the following chapters. Christ and the Sabbath. We shall now test these propositions one by one. God the Father has always worked through His Son, both in creation and in redemption. Genesis ; Hebrews , 2, ; John Therefore it was Christ who created the world is six days and rested on the seventh day.
He was in the world, and the world was made by Him, and the world knew Him not. Compare Colossians It is a great comfort to a poor, weak sinner to know that our Saviour is "the Mighty God" Isaiah who spoke the worlds into existence Psalm , 9 , and who is "upholding all things by the word of His power" Hebrews His word has creative power, and if we receive it by faith, it will change our hearts and lives, and give us victory over sin. John ; Genesis ; 2 Corinthians , 6; Matthew ; Isaiah As the crowning act on the sixth day, the Lord made man in His own image, and then He "rested on the seventh day" from a "finished" work.
Genesis , 31; Thus the seventh days stood as a memorial and reminder of a finished work in Christ. And when man lost the image of God through sin, Christ came to restore in man that divine image by a new creation. Colossians ; Ephesians ; ; 2 Corinthians On the cross He cried out: "It is finished. This was on Friday evening, and He rested the Sabbath day from a finished work of re-creation, just as He had originally rested on it from a finished work of creation. Luke Thus the seventh-day Sabbath stands in the New Testament as a memorial of a "finished" work in Christ, just as it did in the Old Testament.
The work of Christ, both in creation and redemption, was for the whole human race, not for the Jews only. And therefore it was made when man was created. And He rested on the seventh day And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it. This was two thousand years before Abraham the first Jew was born, therefore the Sabbath could not be Jewish. But, as Christ says, it was "made for man," and the term "man" is not confined to any one race, but embraces all mankind.
We are not alone in believing that the Sabbath was instituted at creation, as the following quotations from leading men in different denominations show:. Cook, M. It has been urged from the silence concerning its observance by the patriarchs, that no Sabbatic ordinance was really given until the promulgation of the law, and that this passage in Genesis is not historical but anticipatory. There are several objections, which seem fatal to this theory.
Thomas Hamilton, D. But such an interpretation really amounts to an interpolation. It alters the passage Once admit such a mode of dealing with Scripture, or of dealing with any other book, and we may bid farewell to certainty regarding any author's meaning No history could stand if subjected to such treatment. The plainest and most unvarnished statements might be so twisted and distorted as to bear a meaning the exact contrary to that intended by its author If all this do [sic.
Edinburgh: Martin Luther says on this text:. It is moreover to be remarked that God did this to no other creature. God did not sanctify to Himself the heaven nor the earth nor any other creature.
But God did sanctify to Himself the seventh day. This was especially designed of God, to cause us to understand that the 'seventh day' is to be especially devoted to divine worship Nay, even after the fall he held the 'seventh day' sacred; that is, he taught on that day his own family. This is testified by the offerings made by his two sons, Cain and Abel. The Sabbath therefore has, from the beginning of the world, been set apart for the worship of God For all these things are implied and signified in the expression 'sanctified.
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He willed that on the seventh day both the word should be preached, and also those other parts of His worship performed which He Himself instituted. Lenker, D. Christiania: On the seventh day. The seventh day is distinguished from all the preceding days by being itself the subject of the narrative.
In the absence of any work on this day, the Eternal is occupied with the day itself, and does four things in reference to it. First, He ceased from His work which He had made. Secondly, He rested Thirdly, He blessed the seventh day In the fourth place, He hallowed it or set it apart to a holy rest The measurement of time by weeks then appears Genesis , The same division of time again comes up in the history of Jacob Genesis , This unit of measure is traceable to nothing but the institution of the seventh-day rest.
Murphy, D. Professor of Hebrew, Belfast , pp. Andover: Lange says: "The expression, He hallowed it, must be for man, for all men who were to be on the earth. The first man must have known it. The words 'He hallowed it,' can have no meaning otherwise. They would be a blank unless in reference to some who were required to keep it holy. Jacobus, Professor George Bush, and C. Rosenius, and others forcefully emphasize the same facts.
The preceding statements taken from leading men in different denominations need no comment. They state the plain facts of the Bible narrative in their most natural setting. Another remarkable thing in this connection is the fact that the heathen nations for centuries after the days of Noah retained the seventh-day Sabbath. The learned Dr. John Kitto says:. II, art. Professor A. Sayce declares:.
Its origin went back to pre-Semitic days In the cuneiform tablets the Sabattu is described as 'a day of rest for the soul,' The rest enjoined on the Sabbath was thus as complete as it was among the Jews. During their servitude in Egypt, the majority of the Jews evidently worked on the Sabbath, just as the rank and file of the Jews do today, but the knowledge of it was retained then as now, and it was kept holy by a faithful few.
Besides other evidences, we see this from the fact that, thirty days after they left Egypt, and more than two weeks before the law was given on Sinai, God tested the people on Sabbath-keeping Exodus , 27, 28 , which He certainly could not have done, if the Sabbath had not been known among them till the law was given on Sinai.
Then, too, God speaks of it as a familiar institution. Compare Exodus with Genesis and The fourth commandment itself points back to creation and commands us to "remember the Sabbath day" on which He rested at the close of creation week. Exodus , No human logic can therefore explain away the historical facts that the Sabbath was set apart for man at creation. But nothing could be more contradictory to the plain wording of the commandment.
If God's commands and promises are to be so construed as to mean the very opposite of what they state, then we may bid farewell to all certainty and comfort derived from the Scripture. God commands us to keep, not a seventh, but the seventh day, on which He rested, the day He blessed and sanctified. The Sabbath rests on a historical event that cannot be changed to another day, any more than our birthday can be changed.
In regard to the claim that the Sabbath commandment is not moral as the other nine, but ceremonial, it needs only to be said that there is no statement to that effect in the whole Bible, and it would involve its advocates in the most serious difficulty. All through the Bible a clear distinction is maintained between the two laws, the moral and the ceremonial.
God spoke the Ten Commandments to the people directly, "and He added no more" Deuteronomy ; He engraved them on two tables of stone Exodus ; Deuteronomy ; and had them laid "in the ark" Deuteronomy ; 1 Kings But the ceremonial law of ordinances was spoken to the people by Moses, was written by him "in a book," and laid beside the ark. Exodus ; , 4, 7; Deuteronomy Such an accusation of God would be preposterous, and yet, this is what the above claim necessarily implies! We must therefore conclude that all the Ten Commandments are moral, which practically all the leading religious denominations teach in their confessions of faith.
And "sin is the transgression of the law. The law here referred to is the moral law of the Ten Commandments. Romans , 12; James , Christ firmly refuted the idea that He was to abolish any part of God's law. He says: "Think not that I am come to destroy the law.
For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law. Christ was to "magnify the law, and make it honorable. And this He did, for He freed it from all the traditions and additions of men. Matthew , 6, 9, The Pharisees had burdened down the Sabbath with hundreds of man-made regulations.
All these Jesus swept away, and restored it to its original purpose, that it should be a blessing, a sacred "delight" to God's people. Isaiah But He never made any change in the day. He kept it Himself, and taught His followers to do the same. Luke , 31; Matthew ; , The Lord gave His Sabbath to man as a weekly reminder of Christ's sanctifying and keeping power, because man needed this reminder.
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Ezekiel But Satan has always tried to blot out all memory of the true God from the earth, and to draw man's allegiance and worship to himself through idolatry. He has therefore made relentless efforts to pull down God's Sabbatic flag, and to trample it in the mire. We have seen that for a long time after the descendants of Noah had dispersed over the earth retained the knowledge of the Sabbath. This was true even after they went into idolatry. Egypt was the first among the heathen nations to turn from honoring the seventh-day Sabbath, and to lead other nations to regard the first day as the weekly holiday of their sun-god.
Truels Lund gives a detailed story of this change, tracing it back to B. We quote the following from his extensive work:. The whole week pointed prominently towards the seventh day, the feast day, the rest day, in this day it collected, in this it also consummated. For them on the contrary the sun-god was the beginning and origin of all things. The day of the Sun, Sunday, therefore, became necessarily for them the feast day The holiday was transferred from the last to the first day of the week. XIII, pp.
This astrology originated in Egypt, where Alexandria now so loudly proclaimed it to all The evil and fatal Saturn's day was the last of the week, on which none could celebrate a feast As a concentrated troop the planetary appellations and names of heathen deities stood on guard, when later Christianity reached Europe, and attempted to displace them Not till they themselves had later gained power were they awakened to doubt And the heathen names of the days seemed at variance with Christian faith. The London Anglican rector, T.
Morer, says of Sunday:. And we find by the influence of their example, other nations, and among them the Jews themselves, doing him homage. Thus we see how Satan, through heathenism, tried to stigmatize the Sabbath of Jehovah and to elevate Sunday as a joyful day. The Egyptians worshiped their sun-god under the name of Osiris, and the Apis bull the golden calf made at Horeb was a representation of him.
This worship was conducted by turning to the rising sun. Therefore the Lord ordered the tabernacle always to be pitched with the front toward the east, so that the people, worshiping before it, had to turn their backs upon sun worship. Numbers Talbot W. Chambers, D. It seems to have prevailed everywhere.
The chief object of worship among the Syrians was Baal - the sun In Egypt the sun was the kernel of the state religion. January, XVIII, p. Poole says:. Baal was the great sun-god of all the East. With our Israelitish ancestors the sun-god came west. His day is our Sunday. Every time you name our Sabbath-day Sunday you are reminded of our great, great, great grandfathers' principal deity.
Detroit, Mich. The Encyclopedia Britannica says of the worship of Baal:. An example of this is found in the worship of Baal-Peor Numbers III, New American ed. This sun worship was the greatest of all abominations to God Ezekiel , and the warnings to Israel have great significance to us today: "I will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers, and forgat Me, saith the Lord.
See also 1 Corinthians When we remember that it was Christ who took Israel out of Egypt Hebrews , 27; 1 Corinthians , and who labored so earnestly to turn them away from sun worship and Sunday-keeping, and that it was Satan who always led them into this idolatry, we ask with all candor: Could any one suppose that Christ, in the New Testament, has exchanged places with Satan, so that He is now leading people to keep Sunday, while the devil is leading them to keep the Sabbath of Jehovah?
Every thoughtful person must say with the Apostle Paul: "God forbid. The New Testament Rest Day. He has gone all the way before us, "leaving us an example, that ye should follow His steps" 1 Pet. Let us therefore agree to follow His steps in regard to Sabbath observance. He worked as a "carpenter" at Nazareth during "the six working days," but rested on the seventh-day Sabbath. Mark , 3; Eze. While He taught His disciples that such necessary work as eating, healing the sick, or lifting a sheep out of a pit, was lawful to do on the Sabbath days Matt. It was "the Spirit of Christ" in the prophets 1 Pet.
And when foretelling the destruction of that city which took place A. This warning was not, as some would have us believe, on account of the gates being closed on that day, for in the same connection Jesus says: "Let him which is on the housetop not come down.
But how could he flee without coming down from the housetop? There can be only one answer. There was an elevated road from one flat roof to another on which they could flee till they reached the wall, where they could be let down. See Acts ; Joshua ; 1 Sam. In such a case closed gates could hardly come into consideration. This instruction shows Christ's sacred regard for the Sabbath, and His anxiety that His church should keep it properly. A Lutheran minister says:. He designated definitely the seventh day, which already had been sanctified by Him at creation, as this rest day.
And as Christ says that He had not come to destroy the law Matt. For this reason many godly Christians have solemnly upbraided the Christian church for keeping Sunday instead of Saturday: it [the church] can have no right to change God's commandment, and, if in the catechism the whole commandment had been embodied verbatim in its entire wording from Exodus , as has been done in the Heidelberg Catechism, then we should still keep the Saturday holy, and not the Sunday.
Dachsel, pp. Bergen: Owen, D. New York: Scribner and Co. Christ had so carefully instructed His followers about proper Sabbath-keeping, that they would not even anoint His sacred body on the Sabbath. They "prepared spices and ointments" on Friday, "and rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment," but early the next morning, "the first day of the week," they came to the grave to anoint Him. Luke ; They left their work unfinished from Friday evening until Sunday morning, because they "rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment.
Some claim that the Sabbath commandment is not mentioned in the New Testament. But here we find that it enjoins the keeping of the "Sabbath" which comes between Friday and the "first day of the week" and that Christ's followers were keeping it. Paul, while working among the Gentiles, knew of no change. At Antioch he preached on the Sabbath, and when asked by the Gentiles to preach the same sermon again, he did not suggest a meeting on Sunday, but waited till "the next Sabbath day.
He knew of no other weekly rest day than the Sabbath, for he worked at his trade as tent maker during the "six working days" Eze. And this was his custom. Acts When he came where there were no Jewish synagogues, he did not stay in the hustling, bustling, heathen city on God's holy day, but the record says: "And on the Sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made.
This shows it was a matter of conscience with him to keep the Sabbath. He says: "Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law. If Christ or the apostles had changed the Sabbath from the seventh to the first day of the week, does it not seem strange that they never informed us about it in the New Testament, which is the only record they left us? Could they have neglected to inform us regarding so important a matter?
Paul declares emphatically: "I kept back nothing that was profitable unto you. History reveals that the whole Christian church kept the seventh-day Sabbath till the seventh century. The Sabbath In History. M'Clintock and Strong's Cyclopedia says of him: "He is generally considered the most exact and judicious of the three continuators of the history of Eusebius, being less florid in his style and more careful in his statements than Sozomen, and less credulous than Theodoret. Socrates says of the year A. The Egyptians in the neighborhood of Alexandria, and the inhabitants of Thebais, hold their religious meetings on the Sabbath, but do not participate of the mysteries in the manner usual among Christians in general