Richard Bachman was exposed as King's pseudonym by a persistent Washington, D. In , during a press conference in London , King declared that he had discovered another Bachman novel, titled Blaze. It was published on June 12, In fact, the original manuscript had been held at King's alma mater, the University of Maine in Orono, for many years and had been covered by numerous King experts.
King rewrote the original manuscript for its publication.
King has used other pseudonyms. The short story " The Fifth Quarter " was published under the pseudonym John Swithen the name of a character in the novel Carrie , that was published in Cavalier in April In the introduction to the Bachman novel Blaze , King claims, with tongue-in-cheek, that "Bachman" was the person using the Swithen pseudonym.
In , King published online a serialized horror novel, The Plant. But he also warns: "Here's the thing—people tire of the new toys quickly. In August , King began writing a column on pop culture appearing in Entertainment Weekly , usually every third week. In , King published an apocalyptic novel , Cell. The book features a sudden force in which every cell phone user turns into a mindless killer. King noted in the book's introduction that he does not use cell phones. The latter featured 13 short stories, including a previously unpublished novella, N. Starting July 28, , N.
In , King published Ur , a novella written exclusively for the launch of the second-generation Amazon Kindle and available only on Amazon. King's novel Under the Dome was published on November 10 of that year; it is a reworking of an unfinished novel he tried writing twice in the late s and early s, and at 1, pages, it is the largest novel he has written since It Under the Dome debuted at No. On February 16, , King announced on his Web site that his next book would be a collection of four previously unpublished novellas called Full Dark, No Stars. The following month, DC Comics premiered American Vampire , a monthly comic book series written by King with short-story writer Scott Snyder , and illustrated by Rafael Albuquerque , which represents King's first original comics work.
Scott Snyder wrote the story of Pearl. During his Chancellor's Speaker Series talk at University of Massachusetts Lowell on December 7, , King indicated that he was writing a crime novel about a retired policeman being taunted by a murderer. With a working title Mr. Mercedes and inspired by a true event about a woman driving her car into a McDonald's restaurant, it was originally meant to be a short story just a few pages long. Later, on June 20, , while doing a video chat with fans as part of promoting the upcoming Under the Dome TV series, King mentioned he was halfway through writing his next novel, Revival ,  which was released November 11, King announced in June that Mr.
Mercedes is part of a trilogy; the second book, Finders Keepers , was released on June 2, On April 22, , it was revealed that King was working on the third book of the trilogy which name was later revealed to be End of Watch. The book was released to critical acclaim and commercial success. During a tour to promote End of Watch , King revealed that he had collaborated on a novel, set in a women's prison in West Virginia, with his son, Owen King to be titled Sleeping Beauties.
King has indicated that he and Straub will likely write the third and concluding book in this series, the tale of Jack Sawyer, but has set no deadline for its completion. Alfred A. Published under anonymous authorship, the book was written by Ridley Pearson. The novel is written in the form of a diary by Ellen Rimbauer, and annotated by the fictional professor of paranormal activity, Joyce Reardon. The novel also presents a fictional afterword by Ellen Rimbauer's grandson, Steven.
Intended to be a promotional item rather than a stand-alone work, its popularity spawned a prequel television miniseries to Rose Red , titled The Diary of Ellen Rimbauer. This spin-off is a rare occasion of another author's being granted permission to write commercial work using characters and story elements invented by King.
The novel tie-in idea was repeated on Stephen King's next project, the miniseries Kingdom Hospital. Richard Dooling , King's collaborator on Kingdom Hospital and writer of several episodes in the miniseries, published a fictional diary, The Journals of Eleanor Druse , in Eleanor Druse is a key character in Kingdom Hospital , much as Dr. King and his son Owen King wrote the novel Sleeping Beauties , released in , that is set in a women's prison. King is a fan of the Ramones , to the extent that he wrote the liner notes for the Ramones tribute album We're a Happy Family.
He quotes the lyrics to the Ramones' debut single " Blitzkrieg Bop " in his novel Pet Sematary on numerous occasions, as in the sentence "What is it the Ramones say? Hey-ho, let's go"! The single released for radio play featured a narrative intro spoken by King. King collaborated with Michael Jackson to create Ghosts , a minute musical video. King's formula for learning to write well is: "Read and write four to six hours a day.
If you cannot find the time for that, you can't expect to become a good writer. He also has a simple definition for talent in writing: "If you wrote something for which someone sent you a check, if you cashed the check and it didn't bounce, and if you then paid the light bill with the money, I consider you talented. Shortly after his accident, King wrote the first draft of the book Dreamcatcher with a notebook and a Waterman fountain pen , which he called "the world's finest word processor".
When asked why he writes, King responds: "The answer to that is fairly simple—there was nothing else I was made to do. I was made to write stories and I love to write stories. That's why I do it. I really can't imagine doing anything else and I can't imagine not doing what I do. King often uses authors as characters, or includes mention of fictional books in his stories, novellas and novels, such as Paul Sheldon who is the main character in Misery , adult Bill Denbrough in It , Ben Mears in Salem's Lot , and Jack Torrance in The Shining.
He has extended this to breaking the fourth wall by including himself as a character in the Dark Tower series from Wolves of the Calla onwards. See also List of fictional books in the works of Stephen King for a complete list. In September it was announced he would serve as a writer for Fangoria. King has called Richard Matheson "the author who influenced me most as a writer. King refers to H. Lovecraft several times in Danse Macabre.
Despite this, in On Writing , King is critical of Lovecraft's dialogue-writing skills, using passages from " The Colour Out of Space " as particularly poor examples. King acknowledges the influence of Bram Stoker , particularly on his novel Salem's Lot , which he envisioned as a retelling of Dracula. King has also referred to author Shirley Jackson. King is a fan of John D. In his forenote to the novel, King wrote, "Don Robertson was and is one of the three writers who influenced me as a young man who was trying to 'become' a novelist the other two being Richard Matheson and John D.
Heinlein 's book The Door into Summer is repeatedly mentioned in King's Wolves of the Calla , as are several other works. In an interview with King, published in the USA Weekend in March , he stated, "People look on writers that they like as an irreplaceable resource.
Elmore Leonard , every day I wake up and—not to be morbid or anything, although morbid is my life to a degree—don't see his obituary in the paper, I think to myself, "Great!
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He's probably working somewhere. He's gonna produce another book, and I'll have another book to read. Because when he's gone, there's nobody else. Although critical reaction to King's work has been mostly positive, he has occasionally come under fire from academic writers. Science fiction editors John Clute and Peter Nichols  offer a largely favorable appraisal of King, noting his "pungent prose, sharp ear for dialogue, disarmingly laid-back, frank style, along with his passionately fierce denunciation of human stupidity and cruelty especially to children [all of which rank] him among the more distinguished 'popular' writers.
Analyzing both the narrative structure of King's fiction and King's non-fiction ruminations on the art and craft of writing, Carroll writes that for King, "the horror story is always a contest between the normal and the abnormal such that the normal is reinstated and, therefore, affirmed. Joshi  devotes a chapter to King's work. Joshi argues that King's best-known works his supernatural novels , are his worst, describing them as mostly bloated, illogical, maudlin and prone to deus ex machina endings. Despite these criticisms, Joshi argues that since Gerald's Game , King has been tempering the worst of his writing faults, producing books that are leaner, more believable and generally better written.
Joshi suggests that King's strengths as a writer include the accessible " everyman " quality of his prose, and his unfailingly insightful observations about the pains and joys of adolescence. Joshi cites two early non-supernatural novels— Rage and The Running Man —as King's best, suggesting both are riveting and well-constructed suspense thrillers , with believable characters. In , King won an O. In his short story collection A Century of Great Suspense Stories , editor Jeffery Deaver noted that King "singlehandedly made popular fiction grow up. While there were many good best-selling writers before him, King, more than anybody since John D.
MacDonald, brought reality to genre novels. And so it was. The rich characterization, the careful and caring social eye, the interplay of story line and character development announced that writers could take worn themes such as vampirism and make them fresh again. Before King, many popular writers found their efforts to make their books serious blue-penciled by their editors. Well, it's stuff like that that has made King so popular, and helped free the popular name from the shackles of simple genre writing. He is a master of masters. Some in the literary community expressed disapproval of the award: Richard E.
The decision to give the National Book Foundation's annual award for "distinguished contribution" to Stephen King is extraordinary, another low in the shocking process of dumbing down our cultural life. I've described King in the past as a writer of penny dreadfuls , but perhaps even that is too kind. He shares nothing with Edgar Allan Poe.
What he is is an immensely inadequate writer on a sentence-by-sentence, paragraph-by-paragraph, book-by-book basis. However, others came to King's defense, such as writer Orson Scott Card , who responded:. Let me assure you that King's work most definitely is literature, because it was written to be published and is read with admiration. What Snyder really means is that it is not the literature preferred by the academic-literary elite.
He might be able to say that Mark Twain is a great writer, but it's impossible for him to say that there's a direct line of descent from, say, Nathaniel Hawthorne to Jim Thompson because he doesn't read guys like Thompson.
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He just thinks, "I never read him, but I know he's terrible. In Roger Ebert 's review of the movie Secret Window , he stated, "A lot of people were outraged that [King] was honored at the National Book Awards, as if a popular writer could not be taken seriously. But after finding that his book On Writing had more useful and observant things to say about the craft than any book since Strunk and White's The Elements of Style , I have gotten over my own snobbery.
King's first film appearance was in George Romero's Knightriders as a buffoonish audience member. His first featured role was in Creepshow , in particular the segment "The Lonesome Death of Jordy Verrill" King also having written the original story , where he plays the titular character. He has since made cameos in several adaptations of his works.
He appeared in Pet Sematary as a minister at a funeral, in Thinner as a pharmacist, in Rose Red as a pizza deliveryman, as a news reporter in The Storm of the Century , in The Stand as "Teddy Wieszack," in the Shining miniseries as a band member, in The Langoliers as Tom Holby; in Sleepwalkers as the cemetery caretaker and Golden Years as a bus driver.
In addition to acting, King tried his hand at directing with Maximum Overdrive , in which he also made a cameo appearance as a man using a malfunctioning ATM. Although King declined due to scheduling conflicts, a copy of one of his works makes an appearance being held by the foremost zombie "Bub". King produced and acted in a television series, Kingdom Hospital , which is based on the Danish miniseries Riget by Lars von Trier. King made an appearance as a contestant on Celebrity Jeopardy!
King provided the voice of Abraham Lincoln in the audiobook version of Assassination Vacation. In April , King spoke out against HB , a bill pending in the Massachusetts state legislature that would restrict or ban the sale of violent video games to anyone under the age of King called the proposed law an attempt by politicians to scapegoat pop culture and to act as surrogate parents to other people's children, which he asserted was usually "disastrous" and "undemocratic".
He also saw the law as inconsistent. King argued that such laws allow legislators to ignore the economic divide between the rich and poor and the easy availability of guns, which he believed were the actual causes of violence. King, talking to high-school students, had said: "If you can read, you can walk into a job later on. If you don't, then you've got the Army, Iraq, I don't know, something like that. I live in a national guard town, and I support our troops, but I don't support either the war or educational policies that limit the options of young men and women to any one career—military or otherwise.
He characterized the comment as originating from a "brain cramp" and the reality of no longer living in the world he grew up in. King added that during the Vietnam War, serving in the military was a great career for some. King added that he does believe that each person should be obligated to some type of government service or altruism. During the presidential election, King voiced his support for Democratic candidate Barack Obama.
On April 30, , King published an article in The Daily Beast calling for rich Americans, including himself, to pay more taxes, citing it as "a practical necessity and moral imperative that those who have received much should be obligated to pay On January 25, , King published an essay titled "Guns" via Amazon. King called for gun owners to support a ban on automatic and semi-automatic weapons, writing, "Autos and semi-autos are weapons of mass destruction When lunatics want to make war on the unarmed and unprepared, these are the weapons they use.
King has criticized Donald Trump and Rep. Steve King , deeming them racists.
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King endorsed Shenna Bellows in the U. Senate election for the seat held by Republican Susan Collins. The statement was later corrected by the Governor's office, but no apology was issued. King said LePage was "full of the stuff that makes the grass grow green"  and demanded that LePage "man up and apologize".
What I said was, Stephen King's not in Maine right now. That's what I said. The attention garnered by the LePage criticism led to efforts to encourage King to run for Governor of Maine in If he won't govern, he should resign. King married Tabitha Spruce on January 2, The couple own and divide their time between three houses: one in Bangor, Maine , one in Lovell, Maine , and for the winter a waterfront mansion located off the Gulf of Mexico in Sarasota, Florida.
The Kings have three children, a daughter and two sons, and four grandchildren. Joseph Hillstrom King , who writes as Joe Hill, published a collection of short stories, 20th Century Ghosts , in In the early s, King developed a drinking problem which would plague him for more than a decade. As King related in his memoir, he then sought help, quit all drugs including alcohol in the late s, and has remained sober since. King is a fan of baseball, and of the Boston Red Sox in particular; he frequently attends the team's home and away games, and occasionally mentions the team in his novels and stories.
Driver Bryan Edwin Smith, distracted by an unrestrained dog moving in the back of his minivan, struck King, who landed in a depression in the ground about 14 feet four meters from the pavement of Route 5. Shortly before the accident took place, a woman in a car, also northbound, passed King first and then the light-blue Dodge van. The van was looping from one side of the road to the other, and the woman told her passenger she hoped "that guy in the van doesn't hit him. King was conscious enough to give the deputy phone numbers to contact his family, but was in considerable pain.
His injuries—a collapsed right lung, multiple fractures of his right leg, scalp laceration and a broken hip—kept him at CMMC until July 9. His leg bones were so shattered that doctors initially considered amputating his leg, but stabilized the bones in the leg with an external fixator. The van was later crushed at a junkyard, to King's disappointment, as he had fantasized about smashing it up. King later mentioned during an interview with Fresh Air 's Terry Gross that he wanted the vehicle destroyed at a charity event in which individuals would donate money for an opportunity to smash it with a sledgehammer.
During this time, Tabitha King was inspired to redesign his studio. King visited the space while his books and belongings were packed away. What he saw was an image of what his studio would look like if he died, inspiring his novel Lisey's Story The driver of the vehicle that struck King, Bryan Edwin Smith, was found dead at his Maine home in September in an apparent suicide.
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In , King announced he would stop writing, apparently motivated in part by frustration with his injuries, which had made sitting uncomfortable and reduced his stamina. He has since resumed writing, but states on his website:. I'm writing but I'm writing at a much slower pace than previously and I think that if I come up with something really, really good, I would be perfectly willing to publish it because that still feels like the final act of the creative process, publishing it so people can read it and you can get feedback and people can talk about it with each other and with you, the writer, but the force of my invention has slowed down a lot over the years and that's as it should be.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people with the same name, see Stephen King disambiguation. Horror fantasy science fiction supernatural fiction drama gothic genre fiction dark fantasy post-apocalyptic fiction crime fiction suspense thriller. Tabitha Spruce m. Main article: The Dark Tower series. Main article: List of adaptations of works by Stephen King. Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Stephen King. Main articles: Stephen King bibliography , Stephen King short fiction bibliography , and Unpublished and uncollected works by Stephen King.
Literature portal. Archived from the original on May 9, Retrieved December 8, Retrieved February 5, National Book Foundation. Retrieved March 11, Forum Stephen King. Retrieved March 8, National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved September 12, September 7, The Economist. Retrieved September 9, Finding Your Roots. Season 2. Episode 1. September 23, Retrieved August 3, Retrieved October 21, The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Andrews and McMeel.
November 3, Retrieved November 14, Stephen King: Uncollected, Unpublished. Abingdon, Maryland: Cemetery Dance Publications. New York City: Scholastic Inc. March 14, Retrieved January 11, Bangor Daily News. Archived from the original on March 2, June Quote: "I did three single-spaced pages of a first draft, then crumpled them up in disgust and threw them away. Adelina Magazine : Retrieved January 19, Retrieved September 17, August 11, — via NYTimes. Entertainment Tonight.
Comic Book Database. Dorling Kindersley. Batman celebrated the th issue of his self-titled comic with a blockbuster featuring dozens of famous comic book creators and Archived from the original on November 15, Retrieved December 13, Retrieved September 20, Retrieved December 27, Retrieved January 10, The Stephen King companion: forty years of fear from the master of horror.
Martin's Griffin. Andrews McMeel Publishing. July 22, December 4, USA Today. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 30, Retrieved March 20, Archived from the original on October 28, Retrieved April 1, Scott Snyder wrote each issue's lead feature, and Stephen King wrote the back-up tales. Retrieved November 13, World Fantasy Convention. Retrieved August 8, The Sunday Times. April 8, Retrieved April 14, Chancellor's Speaker Series. University of Massachusetts Lowell.
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